No doubt, plastic is one of the most harmful things in the whole world. Not only for human beings, but it is also harmful to animals as well. Most of us have been using plastic from our childhood because we are not aware of the harmful effects of Plastic.
Let us have a look at the harmful effects of plastic on Human Health and environment.
We all are addicted to using plastic in our daily life. See every product around you. Everything is made of plastic. From food to the beverage container, cosmetic and toiletry containers, pens, car interiors, your laptop mouse, toys, bags, packaging, floors, shoes, and your cellphone screen.
- According to CPCB data, India generates 25,940 tonnes of plastic waste everyday.
- Chemical like BPA (Bisphenol A), present in plastic may cause Cancer in human.
- 95% of people aged six and older in the United States had Bisphenol A or BPA in their urine.
- According to a study plastic bottle chemical linked to heart diseases and type 2 diabetes.
Harmful Effects of Plastic On Human Health
Plastic is made up of the combination of various chemicals, to improve quality and prevent it from degradation in the environment when exposed to light, humidity, temperature or microorganisms. Plastic substances without any chemical processing can migrate under different circumstances, which can be as small as a change in temperature or light.
Due to this, the toxic ingredients evaporate and mix in the air. This polluted air is taken in by human beings. Also, these particles can be absorbed into your skin. Plastic migrates easily into the human body, while breathing burning plastic trash, opening a new plastic item with a strong odor, drinking hot coffee from a styrofoam cup, reusing a water bottle, eating food microwaved in a plastic container, or that has been frozen in a plastic container or even food that has simply been stored for a while.
Three Most Common Plastic Additives
BPA or Bisphenol A: This additive is used in most of the food and beverage containers like water bottles, bowls, and plates. You must know that the EU has banned the use of BPA in baby products.
Plasticizers or Phthalates: It is usually used in the PVC to make it flexible. Generally, these additives can be used in children’s toys, flooring, clothes, and other everyday items.
Flame retardants: These plastic additives are mostly used in electric and electronic equipment, upholstery and other items to provide fire safety benefits.
A study stated that 95 percent of people aged six and older in the United States had Bisphenol A or BPA in their urine.
Diseases Caused By The Migration of BPA
The major side effect of BPA is that it disturbs the human endocrine system from working properly. Our endocrine system is essential to perform and manage many functions of the body including metabolism, heart rate, digestion, temperature, general mood, ability to sleep well, sexual function, and fertility.
BPA can also interrupt the proper functioning of any of the endocrine glands. Here is a list of diseases caused by the migration of this chemical:
- Thyroid cancer
- Hypo-and hypertension
- Addison’s disease
- Cushing’s syndrome
- low testosterone
The above diseases often cover a host of symptoms and other problems and risks. For instance, studies mentioned in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism discovered that “people under the age of 75 with subclinical hypothyroidism are at a significant risk of cognitive impairment and even dementia”.
Side Effects of Phthalates
BPA is not the only additive that can disturb the endocrine system. Phthalates also harm the endocrine glands.
Phthalates can affect the following:
- reproductive malformations
- developmental disorders
- pulmonary system effects including asthma and allergies
- direct toxicity
As we have mentioned, this chemical is banned by the European Union in 2015. Except for children’s toys and childcare products, phthalates are still used in many products.
The First Step Towards Avoiding Plastic
Every market runner works on the basic demand and supply principle. The consumer is the main player in any market. If they will reduce the consumption of plastic, the demand and supply will automatically reduce. This will decrease the production of plastic materials. This way we can eliminate plastic from our surroundings.
We know that plastic can not be destroyed completely. If we burn it, it will cause a lot of air pollution which is very harmful to human health and the overall environment. Instead of burning or throwing waste plastic, try to reuse them in different ways.
In the above article, we have described Harmful effects of Plastic Paragraph. The motive of this post is to educate people about the Harmful effects of plastic on human health and environment. I hope now you know how bad plastic is for the human body and what you should do to protect yourself. Try to reuse the existing plastic and avoid purchasing new plastic products. Strictly say no to plastic.